Date(s) - 01/01/2020 - 31/03/2020
10:00 am - 6:00 pm
FRANCISCO DE HOLANDA IN ÉVORA
BIRTH OF A HUMANIST ARTIST
at the Frei Manuel do Cenáculo National Museum – Évora Museum.
Open to the public from December 29 to March 31, 2020, Tuesday to Sunday, from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Francisco de Holanda, painter, and humanist, born in Lisbon around 1517, son of the illustrious “ganto-brugense” illuminator António de Holanda, was one of the most relevant exponents of aesthetic reflection in the Portuguese Renaissance.
Initiated in the fields of the art of illumination and portrait in his father’s workshop, Holland first lived at the home of infante D. Fernando, in Lisbon and Abrantes and then with cardinal-infante D. Afonso, in Évora, of whom he was a chamber boy.
The presence of Holland in the house of Cardinal Infante D. Afonso was essential to his training and to what would become his role as a plastic artist and aesthete. Afonso, a fervent humanist, was exemplary as a prelate and committed reformer. Holland was a regular listener to André de Resende’s lessons in the classes he opened in the Paços de Évora around 1533. In this “Public School of Human Letters” the humanists Aires Barbosa, Pedro Margalho and D. Francisco de Melo were also teachers. The foreigners Clenardo and João Petit, who with Jorge Coelho, Manuel da Costa, and Pedro Sanches transformed the city into a new cultural center, in Portugal, and in 16th century Europe, also joined this group.
It is in this environment that young Holland circulates at a crucial stage of his life. In Évora, in the 30s of the 16th century, Francisco de Holanda received a humanist formation working particularly with André de Resende around the classic (Roman) past in the preparation of a trip that would strengthen the Eborense formation and would change, very significantly, the course and the influence of the Italian culture in the national artistic and cultural circles. After Rome, during a new stay at the court of King John III in Evora, between 1544-1545, Holland will begin the execution of the images of the Creation of the World for his masterpiece DE AETATIBVS MVNDI IMAGINES.
The exhibition will show the intellectual and artistic environment of Francisco de Holanda’s formative years in Évora, years that will have the greatest importance for the artistic theorization in Portugal of five hundred, integrating works from the National Museum of Ancient Art, Ajuda Library, the National Library of Portugal, the Public Library of Évora, the National Archives of Torre do Tombo, the National Archaeological Museum, the Academy of Sciences of Lisbon, the Museum of Évora, the Évora Cathedral Chapel, the Historical Archives of the Municipality of Évora and the District Archives of Évora.
The exhibition is part of the project Rede de Museus de Évora (Network of Museums of Évora) and was co-financed under the ALENTEJO 2020 program within the cultural programming partnership of ÉVORA 2027 – Candidate City for the European Capital of Culture.
Schedule: Tuesday to Sunday, from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Org: Regional Directorate of Culture of Alentejo
Support: Municipality of Évora | the University of Évora